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Epiphany

The Magi (Mt 2:1-12)

The images on the gable end of the Justinian basilica in today’s Bethlehem date from the sixth century (between 527 AD and 565 AD). That basilica was not destroyed by the Persians in 614 AD when they laid waste the Holy Land. The reason is that the three wise men depicted on the gablend were in Persian clothing, and that was enough to convince the invading Persians that Bethlehem belonged essentially to their faith. When the Moslems invaded Palestine a century later under Caliph Omar- he, having destroyed all the monasteries around, for some reason decided to spare this same basilica in Bethlehem. He promised not to treat it as a mosque, assuring that only individual Moslems would pray there. Christians and Moslems used it for prayer for a long time (E.Hoade, Guide to the Holy Land, Jerusalem 1984, p.391; Clemens Kopp, The Holy Places of the Gospel, Herder, 1962, pp. 33-4). How helpful it would be if in these days of strife a similar understanding could be achieved.

Universal witness

People accepted Christianity in the early centuries because of its high standards for human flourishing.They came from despair and wanted hope; they were sick in mind and heart and needed health; they were lonely and wanted comfort. Christianity was accepted principally because of the Person of Jesus; people found in him the physician of their souls. The faith in him was lived out as experience in small communities in which members found meaning and purpose for life. Pliny the Younger (62-113 AD) as Roman governor of that part of the world (Bythinia-Pontus, today’s Turkey) wrote of Christians to the emperor Trajan: “[This] my informers tell me was the whole of their crime or mistake, that they were accustomed to assemble on a stated day before dawn, and to say together a hymn to Christ as a god, and to bind themselves by an oath (sacrament- not to any crime but the contrary)-to keep from theft, robbery, adultery, breach of promise, and making free with deposits. After this they used to separate, and then to meet again for a meal, which was social and harmless. …I felt no doubt that, whatever might be the character of their opinion, their stubborn and inflexible obstinacy, they deserved punishment. However - Pliny adds - when trying to compel them to offer wine and incense to the emperor’s image or curse Christ “nothing can compel a [true] Christian to do any of these things” (Quoted in J.H.Newman, The Grammar of Assent, Image Books, New York, 1955, p.363).

Christianity was not preached just for the good of the people who preached it. It was the living out of the promise to Abraham in Genesis (12:3):‘and by you all the families of the earth shall bless themselves’ (RSV). The promise was intended for all as good for all. It was an epiphany for anyone who accepted it. Slaves and masters were both looking for the meaning of life. It was not just an individualistic intellectual quest; it was about the common purpose of life lived as a way of life. The members in communities loved each other; they had the same values. They worshipped together as a community and heard the same narratives and ideals together Sunday by Sunday in the same place. They supported each other by their presence, and by sharing their gifts, their skills and their genius. St. Paul spells the detail out in 1 Corinthians 11-13. They learned forgiveness and mercy. During the Eucharist and outside it their daily prayer was the Our Father.

To this day the local Church lives like this, making an epiphany of values by constancy, fidelity and open generosity to all. The support of refugees in our days is typical of its history. Christians do not look to the State for ideals. Committed believers are delighted when they receive support for their ideals. But they do not wish to worship at the shrine of fame, money, acceptance or social significance. Where they can exert influence for good they do so, but they cannot force it. Where Christians are not supported they are often martyrs paying for their values, as past history and present reality daily displays.

Spreading the Faith

This is what Cardinal Newman wrote of the long and chequered history of the Church: “It imparted an intelligent notion about the Supreme God to millions who would have lived and died in irreligion, it has raised the tone of morality wherever it has come, has abolished great and social anomalies and miseries, has elevated the female sex to its proper dignity, has protected the poorer classes, has destroyed slavery, encouraged literature and philosophy, and had a principal part in that civilising of human kind, which, with some evil, has still on the whole been productive of far greater good.. Christianity was to prevail, ....to accomplish its destiny, not as other victorious powers had done, and as the Jews expected, by force of arms or other means of this world, but by the novel expedient of sanctity and suffering” (p.353). And how was the message transmitted? He replies that Christians preached Christ; they called on people to believe, hope, and place their affections, in that Deliverer who had come and gone. Their way of persuasion was to give description of the life, character, mission and power of that Deliverer. They spoke of his invisible Presence and Protection here, and of Vision and Fruition of him hereafter….” “It was the thought of Christ”, he continued, “not a corporate body of doctrine, which inspired that zeal” (pp.358-359). Putting it quite simply in ordinary language: people were converted because they loved Christ and loved each other in Christ. Christianity had its principal success among the poorer classes who had no power, influence, reputation or education. 

Conclusion

So on this feast of the Epiphany- this showing forth of Christ to the world- we reflect on what our belief means to us, and with whom we believe. Saying thanks is foundational-we celebrate our faith with a prayer of thanks, the Eucharist- it is the distinguishing feature of the Christian. We need each other all the time and we must never take each other for granted-in Hebrew thanks and praise are synonymous, so when we thank each other we praise each other, and in doing so praise God. How lovely that is. A Happy feast to you all. Amen.

Richard J.Taylor